Exempt vs. Non-Exempt Employee Classification

Exempt vs. Non-Exempt Employee Classification

Exempt vs. Non-Exempt Employee Classification

Most business owners find it difficult to distinguish between the exempt and non-exempt employees, and it also causes a great deal of confusion between employers and employees. Whether you are entitled to the overtime payment or not (usually means the extra time you work after the standard 40 hours for every week), depending on your exemption position according to the FLSA (Fair Labor Standards Act), remains the primary ambiguity in this regard. However, various other jobs don’t fall under these standards, like agricultural jobs, truck driving, and others, which are usually governed by other law organizations.

Majority of citizens in U.S come under the FLSA and you can either classify them as exempt or non-exempt, depending on the overtime pay regulations. As an amateur, you may not have a clear idea of what category of workers these are, but don’t ponder over it because that’s what we are here for today! We’ll give you a quick breakdown of what rules apply to which workers. So let’s dive right in.

Non-Exempt Employees

If you work as a non-exempt employee for more than the standard time per week, that’s 40 hours, then according to the FLSA policies, you are entitled to extra pay for the time and one-half of the standard hours of overtime work you spend. Concisely, if you are working on the hourly basis and get paid for the hours you work, apart from the standard hourly paid rate, then you are classified as a non-exempt employee. If you are a non-exempt employee, then you will not qualify for the numerous white collar job exemptions. Such employees usually include maintenance, technicians, construction, semi-skilled, blue collar, laborers, and clericals.

Exempt Employees

Such employees don’t get any protection and cover from the FLSA, and this means that they are not entitled to any overtime payments. According to the FLSA, airline and sales employees are exempt, and if you meet with three points, then you are in this category. These are the rules that apply:

  • If you are getting a payment of $23,600 for the year
  • If you get paid on the wage basis (doesn’t apply to people who work on “hourly basis,” like school teachers, and physicians)
  • If you perform duties on the job that are classified as exempt

To qualify for the exempt status, the nature of your job is also taken into account. Typically, the duties of exempt employees are high, and the FLSA splits them into three further categories:

Executive

Employees are exempt from the FLSA policies and rules if they perform duties such as:

  • Supervise more than one employee
  • Work as a manager
  • Having the power to hire, assign tasks, fire and so on.

In most cases, such people are usually considered in charge or the boss of the business or company.

Administrator

For people who have duties that support the business, like public relations, accounting, human resources and payroll staffs, then they fall under this category. Duties must also include:

  • Office work
  • Tasks related to the management or customers of the business
  • Independent discretion and judgment of significant business matters

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What Records to Keep in a Personnel File?

What Records to Keep in a Personnel File?

It can be difficult to know what employee records a small business should keep in a personnel file. Should it only hold onto the bare minimum and risk not having enough documentation to protect itself should it need to in the future, or should it keep everything and files become so thick that it is impossible to find anything efficiently? Ultimately, a practical compromise is necessary.

Below is a brief list of the essential documents a small business should keep in a personnel file. However, please remember that this list is a guideline, a template and that ultimately it is up to the specific needs of the small business to determine what stays and what goes.

 Employment Agreement Records

The most basic of personnel file documents that need retaining should center on the professional relationship between the employee and employer. These documents would include the employee’s application and resume, the description of the job as given to the employee, the offer of employment, and the signed receipt of the employee handbook.

 Legal Documents

The most important of the legal documents that need retaining should be the ones related to taxes. These would include W-4s and state withholding forms. Obviously, the tax forms required by your business may not be the same as other businesses, but the idea is to make sure that a copy of whatever tax forms is required always are kept in the employee’s file. Also, legal documents may include next of kin information, emergency contacts, and forms relating to employee benefits.

 Employee Performance Documents

An essential collection of documents is how the employee performs their job. Primarily, this documentation will provide the necessary empirical data to justify an employee’s review. A short list of such records would include awards, reprimands, notes on attendance, certificates of successful completion of training programs, and why and under what conditions the employee left. In essence, these documents should give a stranger an understanding of what this individual was like as an employee.

Unnecessary Documents

However, there are records that you should avoid including in an employee’s personnel file. These would include an I-9 as a government official who may need access to this record does not need to leaf through all the other personal information to find it, and medical records as a small business are legally required to keep this information confidential and available to only a select few.

Paper Timesheets versus Time Tracking Apps

Paper Timesheets versus Time Tracking Apps

Many businesses continue to rely on the conventional paper timesheets for their employees to track their attendance. Paper timesheets require a lot of dedication in the creation process and it can also increase your monthly cost. So why not go for a simpler solution that will make things easier for you? Here’s a quick look at some reasons why you should stop using paper timesheets and start using time tracking apps.

 

1. Reduce Clerical Mistakes

Paper timesheets require writing out the details of employees attendance and sometimes the words or numbers don’t appear clear. However, with time tracking apps, names and time tables are so clear that you will not have an opportunity to mix up things.

 

2. Save Time

The truth is that paper timesheets can be poured over for hours by employers. This is simply inefficient and costly for the business because that time could be used for other business dealings instead. A digital timesheet is non-negotiable as the employer can see when the employee logged in and out of the computer.

 

3. Increase Visibility

The pendulum swings both ways and the employer can be at fault with messing up paper timesheets. The employer can be accused of adjusting the paper timesheets. There is room for debate with paper timesheets that no employee would welcome.

Time tracking apps are more reliable and they include audit trails. The employees have digital records to back up their claims as to when they signed in and signed out for the day. This can really help when an employee has a dispute regarding the hours that they were paid for. There is that added bit of proof that an arbitrary piece of paper cannot provide.

 

4. Added Features

An employer can do more with digital timesheets than a piece of paper can provide. They can delegate some of their managerial responsibilities to the program’s features such as approvals, reporting, automatic reminders and online scheduling. The entire workplace operation process is streamlined.

These reasons are just a few of the advantages that time tracking apps, such as TSheets, provides over paper timesheets. The choice of using a virtual process is a no brainer in this digital age.  

We love TSheets time tracking and think you would too. Employees can track time on any device, you can easily integrate with various payroll programs, and the customer experience team is phenomenal! There are tons of amazing features, try it free for 14 days by clicking here:

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What Is a Vendor Credit, and How Do You Record One?

What Is a Vendor Credit, and How Do You Record One?

Whether you’re getting a vendor credit for a refund or a return, you can record it in QuickBooks Online.

When you’re dealing with your company’s vendors, you’re probably accustomed to money flowing in one direction: theirs. Maybe you send them to purchase orders and they send you invoices. Or they send you bills and you pay them. Or you walk into a store and buy something your business needs.

Sometimes, though, vendors owe you money. Probably the most common scenario is a return of merchandise, products that you’ve sent back to the supplier for any of a variety of reasons. You may be issued a credit of some kind simply because you’ve been a loyal customer, and a vendor wants to reward you. You might also get a rebate for an item you bought.

In these cases, you’ll enter a Vendor Credit in QuickBooks Online, which you can apply the next time you buy something from that supplier. Usually, the process is pretty straightforward, but sometimes situations arise that may make it hard for you to know how to record a vendor credit accurately. We can help if this happens.

Simple Steps

Let’s start with a simple example. Let’s say you received a shipment of pens that you’d planned to use as promotional items for your salespeople. The ink on some of the pens had gotten smudged, so your company email address printed on them was illegible. The supplier issued you a credit of $50.00 for future purchases and sent you a reference number to use.

It’s easy to complete a Vendor Credit form in QuickBooks Online for a simple credit. But other situations are more complicated.

Here’s how it would work. Click the + (plus) sign in the upper right corner of the screen and select Vendors | Vendor Credit. A screen like the partial one pictured above would appear. These are the fields you would need to complete:

Vendor – Click the down arrow in the field in the upper left corner and select the correct vendor, or + Add New.

Payment date – Change the default date if it’s not correct.

Ref no. – Enter a reference number if applicable.

Under Account details, click in the field under Account, and open the drop-down list by clicking the down arrow on the right. Select the account you used when you created the original expense. Enter a Description and the Amount of the credit.

You can add a Memo in the box at the bottom of the screen if you’d like, and select any Attachments to include from your file directories. Otherwise, click Save and close or Save and new.

Additional Input

There’s much more to the Vendor Credit screen that you didn’t need to consider for this example. The row where you entered Account, Description, and Amount contains several additional fields that you may need to complete in some cases. They are Billable, Markup %, Tax, Customer, and Class. If you’re not sure when these fields are required, ask us to go over these concepts with you.

There’s also another section under Account Details you may need to address: Item Details (click the arrow to open if necessary). You would only enter information here if you’re returning items to a vendor. Fields displayed there include Product/Service, Qty (quantity), Rate, and Sales Amt (amount). We don’t recommend that you do this the first time on your own; let us help.

Using Your Credit

How do you redeem this credit? QuickBooks Online reminds you to use it.

QuickBooks Online records your Vendor Credits and reminds you that they’re there when you go to pay that vendor again.

The next time you enter a transaction that involves—or will involve—sending that vendor some money, you’ll see a record of that credit to the right of the Check or Expense screen, for example. In the image above, a small box has opened as soon as the vendor’s name was selected. You can Add that credit to the current transaction or Open it if you want to see the original screen.

Not everyone uses Vendor Credits. Some businesses find workarounds. But we recommend you at least understand when and how they’re used so your bookkeeping is accurate and precise. We’d be happy to spend some time with you going over your financial relationship with vendors, and how QuickBooks Online helps you document it.

 


Looking for a QuickBooks Expert?

QuickBooks ProAdvisor Houston TxWorking with a QuickBooks ProAdvisor is the best way to learn how to use QuickBooks to help your business grow and flourish. You won’t find a better way to get the support you need anywhere else.

As a small business owner, we realize that you may not have the budget to hire a QuickBooks expert. If you’re looking for a more economical way to get set up on QuickBooks, we provide cloud bookkeeping programs to match any business requirement. Here are our Quickbooks ServicesQuickBooks Setup, QuickBooks Training, and Quickbooks Review.

You can feel confident in knowing that our STAC Bizness Solutions team are Certified QuickBooks ProAdvisors. Meet Our Team.

If you would like to learn about all the benefits that STAC offers, just give us a call and we’ll provide you all the details. Call us at (844) 424-9637.

Taking Your Company Paperless

Going paperless has been the way of the future in business over the past decade. People might have scoffed at the idea a few generations ago, but millennials and those who conduct business with them demand innovative solutions not only for the environment but also to cut down on the mundane drudgery of work place repetition.

And with the way things have been moving, people no longer feel like cogs in a wheel but rather integral team players with technological know how. So if your business has not moved completely digital yet, the following are just a few of the many reasons why you should be going paperless.

Boost in Efficiency

People don’t want to be doing the same task at work all day. With paper processes, the middle man is always the employee, who faithfully sits by the phone filling out papers for a client. Or the employee is busy digging in the company store room for files.

Logging onto the computer, whether for cloud accounting or client information, is leaps and bounds easier than putting people on hold or telling them that you will phone them back. You can be on the same page as the client in minutes rather than days by having their digital information at one’s fingertips on CRM. The same goes for talking between departments. It is much more efficient to send emails back and forth delineating the various degrees of urgency than to try to play telephone tag with employees in varied departments. Time is at a premium, so when a person can log on or fire off an email, time is saved from chasing down files and individuals that may not be easy to find.

Disaster Recovery

There’s no telling when a disaster might strike; maybe a flood, theft or a fire breakout could easily cripple your company. What will happen to the documents that are paper-based? Most probably, you will lose them because you don’t have a backup, or if you do have copies, wouldn’t they be likely stored in the same premises too? Going paperless can help avoid this problem. Once you store everything on the cloud, you will not have to worry about the data that you lost in the paper forms because they will all be available on the cloud and you can access them at any time.

Creative Solutions

Digital apps and programs like QuickBooks are often designed to integrate together. This is a virtual dream, literally, when it comes to helping the departments to coordinate. Without such products, people are stuck doing the same processes with paper over and over. The rewriting and photocopying of such pages can really only go so far.

To go digital, one needs to be savvy with employing people in the know-how. These teams can help to train others on processes as well as put them in place. But once paperless systems have been implemented, very few employers will regret the transition. It shows up on the bottom line quite apparently over the years as well.

Need help getting your company to paperless?  Contact STAC Bizness because we can help with establishing your company’s accounting, payroll, and human resource operations in a paperless world.  Join our newsletter for more free tips for running your business.

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